Portrait of Madame H. M. Barzun, 1911.
Oil and graphite on canvas. Collection of the McNay Art Museum, bequest of Jacques Barzun.
Depicted in this portrait is Anne-Rose, wife of diplomat and writer Henri-Martin Barzun. With Albert Gleizes and others, Barzun helped found and financially supported the l'Abbaye de Creteil or Groupe de l'Abbaye, a utopian artistic and literary community that met in a suburb of Paris (1906-1909). Once the group disbanded, the Barzun family moved to the city of Paris where their home became an avant-garde salon, with regular visits by Gleizes, the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, and the artists Alexander Archipenko, Jean Cocteau, Marcel Duchamp, Fernand Léger, and Jean Metzinger. In 1912, the year after this portrait was painted, Gleizes and Metzinger published Du Cubisme, the first major treatise on Cubism.